European Union Advisory Mission Ukraine
European Union Advisory Mission Ukraine (EUAM Ukraine) is a civilian Common Security & Defence Policy (CSDP) mission of the European Union. It aims to assist Ukrainian authorities to reform civilian security sector. It provides strategic advice and practical support to make Ukrainian civilian security sector more effective, efficient, transparent and enjoying public trust. EUAM Ukraine works with a number of law enforcement and rule of law institutions of Ukraine, and it formally began operation on December 1, 2014, following Ukrainian Government's request.
EUAM Ukraine employs over 300 personnel that operate in Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa, Kharkiv and Mariupol implementing its "mission mandate" according to such three main pillars of activity:
- Strategic advice
- Hands-on advice and training for the Ukrainian partners
- Cooperation and coordination with Ukrainian and international counterparts and stakeholders
- National and state security
- EUAM Ukraine helps to reform security and intelligence institutions to bring them under democratic oversight
- Organised and cross-border crime
- EUAM Ukraine helps enhance Ukraine’s capacity to fight crime and further develop Integrated Border Management (IBM)
- Community safety and police management
- EUAM Ukraine helps promote trust between police and communities through dialogue and professional police services
- Criminal justice
- EUAM Ukraine helps Ukraine to build effective investigation, prosecution and judiciary infrastructure so that justice is served
- Digital transformation and innovation
- EUAM Ukraine engages in bringing digital and innovative solutions to governance and human resource in Ukraine
Having identified the five priorities above that affect Ukrainian partners working in Ukraine's civilian security sector in a different way, EUAM Ukraine identified three "cross-cutting issues" that play part in each of the Five Priorities and are relevant to all civilian security sector agencies. These cross-cutting issues are:
- Human Rights & Gender Equality
- Human rights perspective and gender mainstreaming are an essential part of EUAM Ukraine's advice to Ukrainian partners working in civilian security sector, in particular the police.
- As corruption is widely considered the biggest obstacle to the reform in Ukraine, EUAM Ukraine aims to enhance anti-corruption capacities of Ukraine's law-enforcement agencies and the judiciary. In this regard, EUAM Ukraine assists the newly established anti-corruption agencies of Ukraine (NABU, SAPO and NAPC)
- Good Governance
- EUAM Ukraine's objective is to make sure that EU principles of good governance - openness, participation, accountability, effectiveness and coherence - are reflected in the advice and support provided by the Mission
Heads of Mission
The current Head of Mission since 1 July 2019 is Antti Juhani Hartikainen.
Previous Heads of Mission were:
When the Mission was launched in 2014, it operated from its HQ in Kyiv. As the activities were expanding and number of projects carried out by EUAM Ukraine in the regions increased, two Field Offices (FO) - in Kharkiv and Lviv - were established. In 2018, field office in Odesa and a Mobile Unit that operates across the country were added to support EUAM commitments in the regions. A second Mobile Unit that operated in Mariupol was established in 2019, which, in June 2020, transformed into EUAM Field Office Mariupol to solidify EUAM's expanding activities in the east of Ukraine.
- Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA) and its agencies (National Police, Patrol Police, State Border Guard Service etc.)
- Security Service (SSU)
- General Prosecutor's Office (GPO), as well as
- judiciary authorities and anti-corruption bodies (NABU, SAPO, SBI).
Some of key EUAM Ukraine achievements in the Civilian Security Sector reform include contributing to:
- drafting strategic documents (among them Law on National Security, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine's Development Strategy 2020, Witness Protection Program, Security Service of Ukraine Reform Concept and Action Plan)
- introduction of a community policing concept into police work
- introduction and promotion of a new approach to public order through police training
- assistance in development of the Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) programme to help fight serious and organised crime
- restructuring the work of police criminal investigation departments by merging investigators and operatives etc.
- ^ "Military and civilian missions and operations". EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
- ^ "Agreement between Ukraine and the EU on EUAM Ukraine status". zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
- ^ "The EU Advisory Mission to Ukraine was formed in response to revolution". www.lawsociety.ie. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- ^ "EU: Ukraine's civilian security sector should be developed from scratch". BBC News Україна (in Ukrainian). 2014-11-17. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- ^ "Reforming police by EU standards: can it be successful". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- ^ "About Us". EUAM Ukraine. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- ^ "EU reform in Ukraine: prosecuting the prosecutor". EUobserver. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
- ^ "National Police fares well while SBU still unreformed". KyivPost. 2019-05-30. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- ^ "Field Offices". EUAM Ukraine. 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- ^ "Mariupol — EUAM Ukraine". Retrieved 2020-08-25.
- ^ "EU refurbishes 20 community-friendly police stations across Ukraine". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- ^ "Where is Ukraine's new police force?". openDemocracy. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- ^ "Reform of state security service gets lost in bureaucratic maze". KyivPost. 2018-05-11. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
- ^ "Less staff sitting in offices: How a German helps reform Ukrainian police". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- ^ "The IV training session on public order issues held by EUAM for the leadership of the National Police of Ukraine". www.naiau.kiev.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- ^ "Together with people and EU: new police reform". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). 2017-04-11. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
- ^ "EUAM Ukraine trained over 5000 police officers in 3 years". www.eurointegration.com.ua (in Ukrainian). 2018-05-19. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- ^ "Ukrainian law-enforcers learn EUROPOL's methods". yur-gazeta.com (in Ukrainian). 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- ^ "Progress in reform". EUAM Ukraine. 2017-05-23. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- EUAM Ukraine | EUAM Ukraine
- European Union External Action Service
|[Ground] force (EUFOR)|
|Naval force (EUNAVFOR)|
|Military assistance mission (MAM), Training mission (EUTM)|
|Police mission (EUPOL, EUPM)|
|Capacity building mission (EUCAP)|
|Border assistance mission (EUBAM)|
|Rule of law mission (EULEX)|
|Monitoring mission (EUMM)|
|Military advisory mission (EUMAM)|
|Aviation security mission (EUAVSEC)|
|Mission in support of the|
security sector reform (EUSSR)
|Integrated rule of law mission (EUJUST)|
|Mission to provide advice and assistance|
for security sector reform (EUSEC)
|Advisory mission (EUAM)|
|Police advisory team (EUPAT)|