Treaty of Accession 2003

2003 treaty allowing ten Eastern and Central European countries into the EU
European Union Treaty of Accession 2003
Treaty concerning the accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic to the European Union

Treaty between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Portuguese Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Member States of the European Union) and the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, concerning the accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic to the European Union.

EU25-2004 European Union map enlargement.svg
Countries involved in the treaty, with newly joining countries in yellow, and existing EU countries in blue.
TypeAccession treaty
Signed16 April 2003
LocationAthens
Effective1 May 2004
ConditionRatification by the 10 acceding countries and the 15 member countries of the European Union
Signatories
  • European Union European Union
    (15 members)
  • Czech Republic Czech Republic
  • Cyprus Cyprus
  • Estonia Estonia
  • Hungary Hungary
  • Latvia Latvia
  • Lithuania Lithuania
  • Malta Malta
  • Poland Poland
  • Slovakia Slovakia
  • Slovenia Slovenia
Ratifiers
25 / 25
DepositaryGovernment of the Italian Republic
LanguagesCzech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish

After amendments made by the Athens Treaty:
Consolidated version of TEC (2006)


Consolidated version of TEU (2006)

Consolidated version of Protocols & Annexes (2006)
This article is part of a series on
Flag of Europe.svg


Treaties of accession
1972, 1979, 1985, 1994, 2003, 2005, 2011

Treaties of succession

Other treaties

Abandoned treaties and agreements
Judicial institutions
Other bodies
European Investment Bank Group

European Stability Mechanism

European University Institute

Unified Patent Court


Other independent bodies


Inter-institutional bodies


Foreign relations of EU member states



flag European Union portal
  • v
  • t
  • e

The Treaty of Accession 2003 was the agreement between the member states of the European Union and ten countries (Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia), concerning these countries' accession into the EU (see 2004 enlargement of the European Union). At the same time it changed a number of points which were originally laid down in the Treaty of Nice. The treaty was signed on 16 April 2003 in Athens, Greece and it entered into force on 1 May 2004, resulting in enlargement of the European Union with 10 states.

Background

Greece EU Presidency commemorative coin
The reconstructed ancient Stoa of Attalus, where the treaty was signed

The European Union comprises a large number of overlapping legal structures which is a result of it being defined by successive international treaties.

As well as other acts[citation needed] which together form the current legal framework (acquis) of the EU, the Treaty of Accession 2003 modifies:

All changes to the above treaties are made by article 11-19 in part two of the accession treaty. Beside of revising voting weights and the number of member state representatives at all European institutions, the most notable change outlined how Qualified Majority Voting shall be handled in the Council of the European Union. As from 1 November 2004, whenever the Council vote to adopt a decision by Qualified Majority, this need support both from a majority of member states which at the same time represents minimum 232 out of 321 weighted votes (72,3%), while also as a third requirement those states must represent at least 62% of the total population of the Union. Otherwise the decision in question shall not be adopted.

The Treaty's full name in English is:

Treaty between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Portuguese Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Member States of the European Union) and the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, concerning the accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic to the European Union.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ "EUR-Lex - L:2003:236:TOC - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2022-03-21.

External links

  • Treaty of accession 2003
  • Consolidated version of the Treaties following the Treaty of Accession
  • Summary by Orgalime including voting weights under the Treaty of Accession
  • Treaty concerning the accession of 10 new countries to the European Union on CVCE : European integration studies website
  • v
  • t
  • e
Founding treaties
Consolidated versions
Amendments
General
In force
Unratified
Changes in membership
Accession
Secession
Unratified
Expired or terminated
Related political documents
European Union Portal
  • v
  • t
  • e
Treaties of Hungary
9–10th century (age of Magyars)
1000–1301 (Árpád dynasty)
1302–1526 (Middle ages to Tripartition)
Dual reign, Ottoman vassalship,
reconquest and Napoleonic Wars
(1526–1848)
  • (Principality of Transylvania)
Austria-Hungary
to the end of World War I (1848–1922)
Modern age (1922–)
  • Treaties of the Kingdom of Hungary (1922–1946)
  • Paris Peace Treaties, 1947
  • Treaties of the Hungarian People's Republic (1949–89)
  • Treaties of the Third Republic of Hungary (1989–)